How Do You Spot A Mole Which Is Cancerous?

Moles are black or brown growths on the skin. They can be alone or in groups and can be found anywhere on one’s skin. They are a product of skin cells clustering together, instead of spreading. These cells are known as melanocytes and are the ones responsible for skin’s natural color. Moles develop during one’s childhood and evolve as they grow to an adult. It is normal for an individual to have ten to forty moles by adulthood.

Moles will be dangerous if they are cancerous. Some discoloration may occur on your skin, and you might think that it is a normal mole. If it grows and darkens, there is a probability that it is a cancerous mole. If you are not keen to note any changes in what you think is a mole, you might end up having skin cancer.

Cancerous moles

As mentioned above, moles can evolve as one grows old. Moles on a child are likely to be flat and small lesions, which are brown in color. In one’s adolescence, they will grow to be slightly raised. When one is expectant, their moles enlarges and darkens. At the age of around seventy, they may start to degenerate and fade away.
Irrespective of your age, a mole that is normal will have sharp margins, symmetrical shape, uniform color, and a smooth contour.
For you to spot that abnormal mole that could be cancerous, then you have to look for that which does not have the above characteristics. There is an alphabetical guide that can help you to spot a cancerous mole. A-B-C-D-E-F-G, where each letter stands for a characteristic. If your mole has the following

Characteristics then it might be cancerous

  • Asymmetry- all the sides do not look the same
  • Border irregularity where the borders are uneven.
  • A color variation where a single mole has different colors.
  • Diameter which is bigger than 6mm.
  • Elevation where the mole raises above the surface of the skin.
  • Feeling or changes in sensation where the moles becomes itchy and irritating.
  • Growth where the mole registers a noticeable increase in its size.

Mole removal process

For you to treat cancerous moles, you need surgery for them to be cut out. What determines how the mole is going to be cut is its size, location and how deeps it penetrates.

Removal of small moles

They do not require stitches after cutting them out. A shave excision is done whereby your skin is numbed and using a knife the mole is cut out. Punch biopsy can be done whereby a tool that closely resembles a cookie cutter is used in getting rid of it.

Removal of large and deeper moles

Some cancerous moles require a minor surgery get rid of the entire mole. During this procedure, the mole together with health skin that surrounds it is removed.…

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The Cause Of Sunburns

The simple explanation of what causes sunburn is known to almost everyone. You know that when you expose your skin to the sun for long, it gets burnt, turns red and starts to irritate. Beneath the skin, there are more complications. The damaged is caused by ultra-violet rays. What is visible to you is the sun burns on the skin, but beneath it, your DNA may be affected which may quicken the aging process. How long the sun burns start to show is dependent on the skin type, the intensity of the sun and the length you have been exposed to sun rays.

What you need to do in the event of sunburns

  • Treating sun burns is aimed at relieving the swollen red skin and easing the pain. Below are some remedies you can carry out at home to treat sunburned skin.
    Taking cool baths and applying cold compresses on your sunburned skin. Hot or warm baths cause pain.
  • Using creams and gels that contain menthol, aloe, and camphor to help you with the sting out of the sunburned skin. You can refrigerate the cream before applying as this makes the sunburned skin feel better.
  • Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs can help you as they will relieve the swelling and pain on your body. Examples of such drugs include; naproxen and ibuprofen.
  • Staying hydrated can help you with sunburns. Take a lot of water and other liquids to stay away from dehydration.
  • Avoiding the sun will help in healing the already sunburned skin. Exposure to the sun can only worsen the condition.
    Tips on how you can prevent sunburns.
  • Watch the clock. The time between 10 a.m. and 4 p.m. is when the rays are strongest. If you have to be outdoors at this time, then prefer staying under shades.
  • Wear a sunscreen before you leave for outdoor activities. A sunscreen which has a Skin Protection Factor of thirty and above, a wide protection spectrum against ultra-violet rays and is water-resistant is good for this purpose. You are advised to reapply so as to prevent sweating off and washing off.
  • Your lips need to be sun blocked. Go for a sunblock that is made for lips specifically and has an SPF of twenty and above.
  • Wear sunglasses which can protect you from the UV light.
  • Put on the right clothes for a sunny condition. A long-sleeved shirt, long pants, and a broad-brimmed hat can do you justice.
  • Some skin-care products and medicines increase the chances of you being sunburned. Some of these are; antibiotics and other prescriptions for psychiatric illness, heart failure, allergies, and high blood pressure. In case you are under this medication, enquire from your dermatologist the special precautions to take if you are going outdoors.
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